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When is international trade an opportunity for workers? When is it a threat to workers?
International trade is rewarding as it is unsatisfying when it comes to the average worker. When a new business is started for that region or area jobs are expanded merely because it is expected that it will be at a rate of lower cost production along with less expense on product materials. The more the business is in demand the more job opportunities a created or expanded. In some incidents, not so much in Mexico, but in different areas it has resulted in the local economy struggling with jobs. In some new found companies or businesses, they find that bringing in pre-trained employees (especially white collar employees) and resources fair better than working with the local nationals in that area. This very well could happen in Mexico for different types of businesses, but it is still unlikely for the mere reason of bidding for the local support.
Economic prosperity is a large reason for International trade, but along with the wealth is a better chance of rules, regulations, and benefits from employees with the new found business. The laws enforced by International trade agreements tend to stress more worker related issues than that of a host nation of many second or third world countries. If the benefits and laws all improve the local’s views on the new business then a better turnout and support structure will follow for everyone involved. The best example of this is how NAFTA has implemented change and looks to have this enforced by all countries that agree to the terms with in the agreement.
What are some of the major challenges confronting the international trading system?
International trading has a plethora of challenges that barricade the system before any true benefits are reveled. Among these challenges are the social structure indifferences that are displayed between countries as it pertains to business plans and the split of revenue between parties. With the continuing differences between international organizations, too much red tape is casted over many prime opportunities for growth between organizations. Therefore, values that represent democratic, political and economic principles are what international organizations should be about (Moore, 1999).
In addition to the government and political structures that cause challenges for international trading systems, natural resources are a key deterrent in international trade. In places like South America where the lumber and logging business is prosperous, many international trades are restrained from outside agencies coming into that region and depleting the resources more than they already have been depleted. The entire world is feeling the effects of what is considered to be the green house effect and the environmental issues that face every country range in lack of natural resources in different areas to natural disasters that alter the way the land, structures, and businesses are ran. International trade faces the constant change of supply and demand and while the world has always relied on fossil fuels for power or energy, new forms of energy are being developed that shows that international trade varies from one day to the next with its challenges.
Kongsrud, P.M. and I. Wanner (2005), _”The Impact of Structural Policies on Trade-related Adjustments and the Shift to Services”_, OECD Economics Department, Working Papers, No. 427, Retrieved December 3, 2008, from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/49/29/20686301.HTM
Moore, M. (1999, September 28). _Changes for the global trading system in the new millenium_. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from WTO News: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres99_e/pr139_e.htm